Top-quality asphalt shingles combine a fiberglass mat, modified asphalt, and tiny weather-resistant granules in various colors. They laminate multiple layers to add durability and texture for visual appeal. Weighing as much as 400 pounds per 100 square feet, the best shingles have received Class A Fire Ratings and even achieved a Class IV hail rating (the highest possible). Lifespan: 30 to 50 years (by warranty).
Colonial settlers used hand-split wood shakes on their roofs. Today, saw-milled cedar shingles remain a popular choice in some regions. Cedar contains natural oils that inhibit plan growth and repel moisture. With some maintenance, wood shingles can last for decades. Western Wood Preservers Ltd., for example, warrants its red shingles and shakes for 50 years.
Natural stone shingles are beautiful and have been a favorite for sloped commercial roofing on churches and historic buildings. Neither fire nor hail nor wind will disturb a strong slate roof. Occasionally, ice or weather damage can dislodge one or two tiles. Slate has been used for at least 500 years. In the Northeast it’s not uncommon to see nineteenth-century homes proudly displaying original state roofs.
Clay or cement tiles:
Most of us recognize classic Spanish red-clay tile roofs. Today’s roof tiles are available in a wide range of colors and shapes, including some that mimic other materials. Tile roofs have been prevalent in Asia and Europe for centuries; some remain intact to the present. Only blunt-force can inflict real damage. Potential longevity: exceeds 200 years.
Once the domain of commercial roofing, steel and aluminum roofs are gaining ground in residential designs. Never “shingle-style” metal products now offer texture and shadowing similar to traditional roof shingles. Metal roofs are fireproof, bug-proof, and can withstand hail and hurricane conditions. Modern aluminum shingles are light-weight and could last for centuries.
Is it fair to compare asphalt-based shingles to more expensive roofing materials? Not really. Fiberglass-based asphalt shingles dominate the US home roofing market. Why? Because the familiar shingle in all its permutations remains available and affordable. Installation is fairly simple and rarely requires specialized tools. Other roof materials can’t compete.